Fungal infections are common throughout much of the natural world. In humans, fungal infections occur when an invading fungus takes over an area of the body and is too much for the immune system to handle. Fungi can live in the air, soil, water, and plants. There are also some fungi that live naturally in the human body.
Like many microbes, there are helpful fungi and harmful fungi. When harmful fungi invade the body, they can be difficult to kill, as they can survive in the environment and re-infect the person trying to get better.
Skin changes, including red and possibly cracking or peeling skin
Ringworm isn’t a worm. It’s a skin infection that’s caused by mold–like fungi that live on the dead tissues of your skin, hair, and nails. You can get it in any of these places and on your scalp.
When you get it between your toes, it’s what people call an athlete’s foot. If it spreads to your groin, it’s known as jock itch.
What Are the Symptoms?
The telltale sign is a red, scaly patch or bumps that itch. Over time, the bump turns into a ring or circle–shaped patch. It may turn into several rings. The inside of the patch is usually clear or scaly. The outside might be slightly raised and bumpy.
Ringworm on your scalp tends to start out as a bump or small sore. It may turn flaky and scaly, and your scalp may feel tender and sore to the touch. You may notice that your hair starts to fall out in patches.
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